Reforms required by SBX3 18
- Two-tier parole system, with less parole supervision on parolees deemed as low risks.
- Drug and mental health reentry courts for parole violators.
- Usage of the PVDMI risk-assessment instrument (the pilot precedes the bill). Here' s some history about the instrument's origins. Apparently, it was developed for CDCR and tested by Susan Turner and other researchers at UC Irvine. Replicating work done in Washington State, it is an actuarial tool examining recidivism, and its predictive qualities are based on recidivism information in 103,000 cases from 2002/2003. The database predicts reoffending based on information about arrests, case disposition, demographics, and other risk factors.
Given the recent discussion in Valdivia, I'm unclear on whether these improvements would apply retroactively to people who are already on parole. My sense is that they would. After all, it doesn't make much sense to keep low risk parolees under close supervision when the idea is to eliminate costs. Plus, supposedly parolees (as well as the system as a whole) would be benefiting from these changes.